Mechanical properties and chemical stability of pivalolactone-based poly(ether ester)s


Tijsma, E.J. and Does, L. van der and Bantjes, A. and Vulic, I. (1994) Mechanical properties and chemical stability of pivalolactone-based poly(ether ester)s. Polymer, 35 (24). pp. 5483-5490. ISSN 0032-3861

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Abstract:The processing, mechanical and chemical properties of poly(ether ester)s, prepared from pivalolactone (PVL), 1,4-butanediol (4G) and dimethyl terephthalate (DMT), were studied. The poly(ether ester)s could easily be processed by injection moulding, owing to their favourable rheological and thermal properties. The tensile response of a poly(ether ester) with a butylene terephthalate (4GT) content of 72 mol%, which exhibited the phenomena of necking and strain-hardening, was related to the morphology of these copolymers. The influence of the short 4G-PVL segments was reflected in a high Young's modulus and yield stress, and resulted in a tough behaviour for the poly(ether ester), with an ultimate elongation of 500%. The poly(ether ester)s were stable towards treatment at room temperature with water or weakly acidic or alkaline solutions. Conditioning at 90°C in water for 264 h resulted in a water uptake of 1 wt%, whereas the rate of hydrolysis was 0.0003 (expressed in An rel h-1) for the poly(ether ester) with a 4GT content of 72 mol%. Although a decay in the mechanical properties for the PVL-based poly(ether ester) after exposure to water at 90°C was observed, these materials were assumed to have a higher hydrolytical stability than other poly(ether ester)s
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Copyright:© 1994 Elsevier Science
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Metis ID: 105344