Tri- and pentamethine cyanine dyes for fluorescent detection of alpha-synuclein oligomeric aggregates


Kovalska, V.B. and Yu Losytskyy, M. and Tolmachev, O.I. and Slominskii, Yu.L. and Segers-Nolten, G.M.J. and Subramaniam, V. and Yarmoluk, S.M. (2012) Tri- and pentamethine cyanine dyes for fluorescent detection of alpha-synuclein oligomeric aggregates. Journal of fluorescence, 22 (6). 1441 - 1448. ISSN 1053-0509

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Abstract:The pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease that is the second most common neurodegenerative disease is associated with formation of different aggregates of α-synuclein (ASN), namely oligomers and amyloid fibrils. Current research is aimed on the design of fluorescent dyes for the detection of oligomeric aggregates, which are considered to be toxic and morbific spices. Fluorescent properties of series of benzothiazole trimethine and pentamethine cyanines were characterized in free state and in presence of monomeric, oligomeric and fibrilar ASN. The dyes with wide aromatic systems and bulky phenyl and alkyl substituents that are potentially able to interact with hydrophobic regions of oligomeric aggregates were selected for the studies. For majority of studied dyes noticeable changes in fluorescence characteristics were shown in the presence of fibrillar or oligomeric ASN, while the dyes slightly responded on the presence of monomeric protein. For pentamethine cyanine SL-631 and trimethine cyanine SH-299 certain specificity to oligomeric aggregates over fibrils was observed. Using these dyes at 10−6 M concentration permits the detection of oligomeric ASN in the concentrations range of at least 0.2–2 microM. Pentamethine cyanine SL-631 is proposed as dye for fluorescent detection of oligomeric aggregates of ASN, while trimethine cyanine SH-299 is shown to be a sensitive probe both on oligomeric and fibrillar ASN. It is proposed that wide aromatic system of SL-631 pentamethine dye molecule could better fix on the less dense and structured oligomeric formation, while less bulky and more “crescent-shape” molecule of trimethine dye SH-299 could easier enter into the groove of beta-pleated structure
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