Fluctuation Theorems for an Asymmetric Rotor in a Granular Gas


Joubaud, S. and Lohse, D. and Meer, R.M. van der (2012) Fluctuation Theorems for an Asymmetric Rotor in a Granular Gas. Physical review letters, 108 (21). 210604-1 - 210604-5. ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract:We investigate the validity of fluctuation theorems for an asymmetric rotor experiment in a granular gas. A first state, with a Gaussian distribution of the angular velocity, is found to be well described by a first order Langevin equation. We show that fluctuation theorems are valid for the injected work and for the total entropy production. In a second state, the angular velocity distribution is double peaked due to a spontaneous symmetry breaking: A convection roll develops in the granular gas, which strongly couples to the rotor. Surprisingly, in this case, similar symmetry relations hold, which lead to a good prediction for the height ratio of the two peaks.
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Copyright:© 2012 American Physical Society
Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/81792
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.210604
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