Flow routing in mangrove forests: field data obtained in Trang, Thailand


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Horstman, E.M. and Dohmen-Janssen, C.M. and Bouma, T.J. and Hulscher, S.J.M.H. (2012) Flow routing in mangrove forests: field data obtained in Trang, Thailand. In: NCK-days 2012. Crossing borders in coastal research. 13-16 March 2012, 13-16 March 2012, Enschede (pp. 147 - 151).

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Abstract:Mangroves grow in the intertidal parts of sheltered tropical coastlines, facilitating coastal stabilization and wave attenuation. Mangroves are widely threatened nowadays, although past studies have indicated their contribution to coastal safety. Most of these studies were based on numerical modeling however and a proper database with field observations is lacking yet. This paper presents part of the results of an extensive field campaign in a mangrove area in Trang Province, Thailand. The study area covers the outer border of an estuarine mangrove creek catchment. Data have been collected on elevation, vegetation, water levels, flow directions and flow velocities throughout this study area. Due to the tough conditions in the field, developing a suitable method for data collection and processing has been a major challenge in this study. Analysis of the hydrodynamic data uncovers the change of flow directions and velocities throughout a mangrove creek catchment over one tidal cycle. In the initial stages of flooding and the final stages of ebbing, creeks supply water to the lower elevated parts of the mangroves. In between these stages, the entire forest bordering the estuary is flooded and flow directions are perpendicular to the forest fringe. Flow velocities within the creeks are still substantially higher than those within the forest, as the creeks also supply water to the back mangroves. These insights in flow routing are promising for the future analysis of sediment input and distribution in mangroves.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Faculty:
Engineering Technology (CTW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/81620
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.3990/2.186
Conference URL:http://nck-web.org/index.php/nck-days/nck-days-2012.html
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