Silicon based microreactors for catalytic reduction in aqueous phase: use of carbon nanofiber supported palladium catalyst

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Thakur, D.B. and Tiggelaar, R.M. and Gardeniers, J.G.E. and Lefferts, L. and Seshan, K. (2013) Silicon based microreactors for catalytic reduction in aqueous phase: use of carbon nanofiber supported palladium catalyst. Chemical engineering journal, 227 . 128 - 136. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract:Carbon nanofiber layers containing palladium particles were synthesized inside the channels of a silicon based microreactor. Pd catalyst was prepared via dry impregnation using palladium acetylacetonate precursor solution in toluene. Several catalyst loadings were impregnated on five different CNF-layer thicknesses in the range 10–20 μm: for all loadings a relatively large average Pd particle size of ∼8 nm was obtained. The lateral and axial distribution of these metallic nanoparticles was uniform across the support for CNF-layer thicknesses up to 13 μm. For larger thicknesses, the presence of a dense carbonaceous layer underneath the open CNF-layer negatively affects the accessibility for Pd nanoparticles, resulting in a less good lateral distribution. External and internal mass transfer properties were evaluated, by carrying out hydrogenation of nitrite ions in aqueous phase. For sufficiently thin CNF-layers (⩽13 μm) hydrogenation was under kinetic control, indicating absence of mass transfer limitations and thus good accessibility and performance of the Pd containing CNF layers for reactant species
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2013 Elsevier
Faculty:
Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/81090
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.08.067
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