The effect of stimulus features on working memory of categorical and coordinate spatial relations in patients with unilateral brain damage

Share/Save/Bookmark

Ham van der, Ineke J.M. and Wezel van, Richard J.A. and Oleksiak, Anna and Zandvoort van, Martine J.M. and Frijns, Catharina J.M. and Kapelle, L. Jaap and Postma, Albert (2012) The effect of stimulus features on working memory of categorical and coordinate spatial relations in patients with unilateral brain damage. Cortex, 48 (6). pp. 737-745. ISSN 0010-9452

[img]PDF
Restricted to UT campus only
: Request a copy
402Kb
Abstract:Spatial relations are typically divided into categorical and coordinate spatial relations. Categorical relations are abstract and show a left hemisphere (LH) advantage, whereas coordinate relations are metric and related to a right hemisphere (RH) advantage. In the current study a working memory task was used to asses categorical and coordinate performance with two different stimulus sets. In this task, participants had to compare two sequentially presented stimuli, consisting of a dot and a cross. The cross size used in the stimuli was either large or small; a direct manipulation of the amount of information provided to determine a category, or to assess a distance. Patients with damage in the LH or the RH and highly comparable controls were tested. In control participants, categorical processing is faster with the use of a large cross, i.e., more visual information about category boundaries. In contrast, coordinate performance was more accurate with a small cross, i.e., presenting less unnecessary visual information. LH patients showed a specific defect in processing categorical stimuli with a small cross and coordinate stimuli with a large cross. The RH patients were impaired in all conditions except for the categorical small cross condition. We conclude that a larger amount of nformation present in stimuli increases categorical processing performance and decreases coordinate processing performance, while opposite effects are found for less stimulus information.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2012 Elsevier
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/80315
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2011.03.002
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page