A new prostate segmentation approach using multispectral magnetic resonance imaging and a statistical pattern classifier


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Maan, Bianca and Heijden, Ferdi van der and Fütterer, Jurgen J. (2012) A new prostate segmentation approach using multispectral magnetic resonance imaging and a statistical pattern classifier. In: Medical Imaging 2012: Image Processing, 4-9 February 2012, San Diego, California, USA.

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Abstract:Prostate segmentation is essential for calculating prostate volume, creating patient-specific prostate anatomical models and image fusion. Automatic segmentation methods are preferable because manual segmentation is timeconsuming and highly subjective. Most of the currently available segmentation methods use a priori knowledge of the prostate shape. However, there is a large variation in prostate shape between patients. Our approach uses multispectral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, containing T1, T2 and proton density (PD) weighted images and the distance from the voxel to the centroid of the prostate, together with statistical pattern classifiers. We investigated the performance of a parametric and a non-parametric classification approach by applying a Baysian-quadratic and a k-nearest-neighbor classifier respectively. An annotated data set is made by manual labeling of the image. Using this data set, the classifiers are trained and evaluated. sThe following results are obtained after three experiments. Firstly, using feature selection we showed that the average segmentation error rates are lowest when combining all three images and the distance with the k-nearest-neighbor classifier. Secondly, the confusion matrix showed that the k-nearest-neighbor classifier has the sensitivity. Finally, the prostate is segmented using both classifier. The segmentation boundaries approach the prostate boundaries for most slices. However, in some slices the segmentation result contained errors near the borders of the prostate. The current results showed that segmenting the prostate using multispectral MRI data combined with a statistical classifier is a promising method.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright:© 2012 SPIE
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/80234
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.911194
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