Effects of soluble cobalt and cobalt incorporated into calcium phosphate layers on osteoclast differentiation and activation


Patntirapong, Somying and Habibovic, Pamela and Hauschka, Peter V. (2009) Effects of soluble cobalt and cobalt incorporated into calcium phosphate layers on osteoclast differentiation and activation. Biomaterials, 30 (4). pp. 548-555. ISSN 0142-9612

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Abstract:Metal ions originating from mechanical debris and corrosive wear of prosthetic implant alloys accumulate in peri-implant soft tissues, bone mineral, and body fluids. Eventually, metal ions such as cobalt (II) (Co2+), which is a major component of cobalt–chromium-based implant alloys and a known activator of osteolysis, are incorporated into the mineral phase of bone. We hypothesize that the accumulation of Co2+ in the mineral could directly activate osteolysis by targeting osteoclasts. To test this hypothesis, we coated tissue culture plastic with a thin layer of calcium phosphate (CaP) containing added traces of Co2+, thereby mimicking the bone mineral accumulation of Co2+. Murine bone marrow osteoclasts formed in the presence of M-CSF and RANKL were cultured on these surfaces to examine the effects of Co2+ on osteoclast formation and resorptive activity. Treatment conditions with Co2+ involved incorporation into the CaP layer, adsorption to the mineral surface, or addition to culture media. Micromolar concentrations of Co2+ delivered to developing osteoclast precursors by all 3 routes increased both osteoclast differentiation and resorptive function. Compared to CaP layers without Co2+, we observed a maximal 75% increase in osteoclast numbers and a 2.3- to 2.7-fold increase in mineral resorption from the tissue culture wells containing 0.1 μm Co2+ and 0.1–10 μm Co2+, respectively. These concentrations are well within the range found in peri-implant tissues in vivo. This direct effect of Co2+ on osteoclasts appears to act independently of the particulate phagocytosis/inflammation-mediated pathways, thus enhancing osteolysis and aseptic implant loosening.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2009 Elsevier
Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/80152
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.09.062
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