Mechanical Strength and Stiffness of Biodegradable and Titanium Osteofixation Systems

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Buijs, Gerrit J. and Houwen van der, Eduard B. and Stegenga, Boudewijn and Bos, Rudulf R.M. and Verkerke, Gijsbertus J. (2007) Mechanical Strength and Stiffness of Biodegradable and Titanium Osteofixation Systems. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 65 (11). pp. 2148-2158. ISSN 0278-2391

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Abstract:Purpose:
To present relevant mechanical data to simplify the selection of an osteofixation system for situations requiring immobilization in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Materials and Methods:
Seven biodegradable and 2 titanium osteofixation systems were investigated. The plates and screws were fixed to 2 polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) blocks to simulate bone segments. The plates and screws were subjected to tensile, side bending, and torsion tests. During tensile tests, the strength of the osteofixation system was monitored. The stiffness was calculated for the tensile, side bending, and torsion tests.

Results:
The 2 titanium systems (1.5 mm and 2.0 mm) presented significantly higher tensile strength and stiffness compared with the 7 biodegradable systems (2.0 mm, 2.1 mm, and 2.5 mm). The 2.0 mm titanium system showed significantly higher side bending and torsion stiffness than the other 8 systems.

Conclusion:
Based on the results of the current study, it can be concluded that the titanium osteofixation systems were (significantly) stronger and stiffer than the biodegradable systems. The BioSorb FX (Linvatec Biomaterials Ltd, Tampere, Finland), LactoSorb (Walter Lorenz Surgical Inc, Jacksonville, FL), and Inion (Inion Ltd, Tampere, Finland) 2.5 mm systems have high mechanical device strength and stiffness compared with the investigated biodegradable osteofixation systems. With the cross-sectional surface taken into account, the Biosorb FX system (with its subtle design) proves to be the far more superior system. The Resorb X (Gebrüder Martin GmbH & Co, Tuttlingen, Germany) and MacroPore (MacroPore Biosurgery Inc, Memphis, TN) systems present to be, at least from a mechanical point of view, the least strong and stiff systems in the test.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2007 Elsevier
Faculty:
Science and Technology (TNW)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/78854
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2007.04.010
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