A bifunctional catalyst for the single-stage water–gas shift reaction in fuel cell applications. Part 2. Roles of the support and promoter on catalyst activity and stability

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Azzam, K.G. and Babich, I.V. and Seshan, K. and Lefferts, L. (2007) A bifunctional catalyst for the single-stage water–gas shift reaction in fuel cell applications. Part 2. Roles of the support and promoter on catalyst activity and stability. Journal of Catalysis, 251 (1). pp. 163-171. ISSN 0021-9517

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Abstract:The nature of oxide supports has a crucial effect on the performance of Pt-based catalysts in the water–gas shift reaction. Supports not only determine the activity of the catalyst, but also influence their stability (deactivation mechanism). Among the catalysts studied, Pt/TiO2 was the most active. Pt/CeO2 deactivated with time due to the formation of stable carbonate on the ceria surface. Sintering of Pt was found to be the cause of Pt/TiO2 deactivation. Using mixed oxides as catalyst supports did not improve the activity despite the better red–ox properties of mixed oxides compared with the single-oxide supports. Pt/TiO2 could be stabilized by adding a second metal (Re), which prevented Pt sintering. In addition, Pt–Re/TiO2 was more active than Pt/TiO2. Under WGS conditions, part of the Re was present in oxidizing form (ReOx); we speculate that this helped improve the catalyst activity.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2007 Elsevier
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Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/78815
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2007.07.011
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