Analysis of Utility-Based Data Dissemination Approaches in VANETs


Schwartz, Ramon S. and Ohazulike, Anthony E. and Dijk, Hylke W. van and Scholten, Hans (2011) Analysis of Utility-Based Data Dissemination Approaches in VANETs. In: 4th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WIVEC 2011 - VTC 2011 Fall, 5-6 September 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA (pp. pp. 1-5).

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Abstract:By disseminating data through Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs), vehicles are able to share relevant sensor data to acquire information about accidents, traffic, and even pollution. Data relevance is measured by a utility function which considers the contextual information that vehicles currently have about their environment. To be effective, data dissemination protocols must cope with intermittent connectivity due to the high speeds of vehicles. Problems arise when not all data can be exchanged due to the limited time available. In this paper, we explore and compare two fundamentally distinct approaches to tackling this problem. The first aims to maximize the system efficiency. In contrast, the second trades efficiency by a fair data distribution over vehicles by means of Nash Bargaining as used in game theory. By means of an extensive simulation campaign, an approach relying on fairness is shown to outperform efficiency in terms of delivery ratio, Jain’s fairness index, sum of utility gains, number of hops and number of files downloaded.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright:© 2011 IEEE
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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