Technical Capacity, Policymaking and Food Standards: An Overview of Indian Experience


Chowdhury, Nupur and Kumar, Sanjay (2008) Technical Capacity, Policymaking and Food Standards: An Overview of Indian Experience. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 11 (1). pp. 57-77. ISSN 0972-7566

open access
Abstract:The SPS Agreement in the WTO gives legal validity to the CODEX
standards. Since the developed countries have been at the forefront of
setting the food standards in the CODEX, the developing countries have
been increasingly engaged in the CODEX, and also in the WTO, with an
objective to increase their exports of the agricultural and food products.
But such objective and desire have often been stymied by the lack of
institutions which can sustain the intense technical negotiations at the
CODEX. If these participations are not qualitatively satisfactory, the very
objective of such participations is not fulfilled. But since most of the
developing countries are lacking in such high technical capacity, they are
unable to influence or qualitatively shape the negotiations in the CODEX.
This also impacts their exports of agricultural and food products.
India has been an active member of the WTO. But whether it has been
able to influence or respond to the play of events internationally and
concomitantly balance it with the domestic imperatives that are embedded
in the international legal and technological regimes, institutional capacity
constraints and other social issues. This paper examines such issues, and
also examines some bilateral trade agreements which demonstrate the
mounting pressure on the developing countries to conform to the food
standards of the developed countries.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2010 Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS)
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