Reference blindness: the influence of references on trust in Wikipedia

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Lucassen, Teun and Noordzij, Matthijs L. and Schraagen, Jan Maarten (2011) Reference blindness: the influence of references on trust in Wikipedia. In: 3rd International Conference on Web Science, ACM WebSci 2011, June 14-17 2011, Koblenz, Germany.

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Abstract:In this study we show the influence of references on trust in information. We changed the contents of reference lists of Wikipedia articles in such a way that the new references were no longer in any sense related to the topic of the article. Furthermore, the length of the reference list was varied. College students were asked to evaluate the credibility of these articles. Only 6 out of 23 students noticed the manipulation of the references; 9 out of 23 students noticed the variations in length. These numbers are remarkably low, as 17 students indicated they considered references an important indicator of credibility. The findings suggest a highly heuristic manner of credibility evaluation. Systematic evaluation behavior was also observed in the experiment, but only of participants with low trust in Wikipedia in general.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
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Behavioural Sciences (BS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/77657
Conference URL:http://www.websci11.org/
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