Sustainable Technology and The Limits of Ecological Modernization


Brey, Philip (1999) Sustainable Technology and The Limits of Ecological Modernization. Ludus Vitalis: Revista De Filosofia de Las Ciencias de la Vida = Journal of Philosophy of Life Sciences, 7 (12). pp. 153-170. ISSN 1133-5165

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Abstract:This essay addresses the question of how sustainable development is possible, giving
special reference to the role of technology. It argues that the dominant strategy for
sustainable development that is now operative, ecological modernization, is
insufficient, and that the reform of technology and of systems of production alone will
not yield sustainable development. After a brief discussion of the notion of
sustainable development, the current strategy for sustainability, ecological
modernization, is outlined (§ 1). This strategy is then subjected to a critique, because
of its one-sided emphasis on the reform of production systems, its belief in a
'technological fix' and its retention of an unsustainable ideal of economic growth (§ 2).
Finally (§ 3), it is argued that sustainable development requires a reform of lifestyles
and systems of consumption, next to the ecological reform of systems of production.
Reform of technology can actually contribute to the reform of lifestyles and
consumption patterns, but only as part of a comprehensive reform strategy.
Item Type:Article
Behavioural Sciences (BS)
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