The Orthotic Effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation on the Improvement of Walking in Stroke Patients with a Dropped Foot: A Systematic Review

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Kottink-Hutten, Anke I.R. and Oostendorp, Linda J.M. and Buurke, Jacob H. and Nene, Anand V. and Hermens, Hermanus J. and IJzerman, Maarten J. (2004) The Orthotic Effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation on the Improvement of Walking in Stroke Patients with a Dropped Foot: A Systematic Review. Artificial Organs, 28 (6). pp. 577-586. ISSN 0160-564X

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Abstract:Objective  Analysis of the available evidence on the improvement of walking in stroke patients with a dropped foot when using peroneus stimulation.

Methods  A systematic review was performed to identify trials that investigated the orthotic effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on walking in stroke patients with a dropped foot. Two independent raters scored the methodological quality of the included articles. Walking speed and physiological cost index (PCI) were selected as the primary outcome measures. Studies that measured walking speed were pooled and a pooled difference including confidence interval was calculated.

Results  Eight studies were included in the review, of which one was a randomized controlled trial. Methodological score ranged from 8 to 18 out of 19. Six studies measured walking speed. The pooled improvement in walking speed was 0.13 m/s (0.07–0.2) or 38% (22.18–53.8).

Conclusions  The present review suggests a positive orthotic effect of functional electrical stimulation on walking speed
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1999–2011 John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Faculty:
Management and Governance (SMG)
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/77121
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.2004.07310.x
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