Donor profiles: demographic factors and their influence on the donor career

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Veldhuizen, I.J.T. and Doggen, C.J.M. and Atsma, F. and Kort, W.L.A.M. de (2009) Donor profiles: demographic factors and their influence on the donor career. Vox Sanguinis, 97 (2). pp. 129-138. ISSN 0042-9007

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Abstract:Background and objectives  Studying the contribution of demographic factors to the donor career provides important knowledge to be used for donor management. The aim of this study is to gain insight into donor characteristics, more specifically into the demographic profile of active vs. resigned donors, and multi-gallon vs. occasional donors.

Materials and methods  The study population consisted of all registered Dutch whole-blood donors between 1 January 2004 and 1 January 2005 (N = 370 470). The effect of several blood donor characteristics and demographic variables on (i) resigning donating and (ii) being a multi-gallon donor were assessed. Blood donor characteristics were extracted from the blood bank information system and included age, sex, blood group, number of donations and invitations. Demographic characteristics were constituted by population data on urbanization level, socio-economic status (income, housing value), and ethnicity.

Results  Men clearly resigned less often than women (odds ratio (OR) 0·73, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0·72–0·75). Being older than 24 years, having a high income, a high-priced house, living in less urbanized areas or areas with relatively few ethnically diverse people also reduced the stopping risk. With respect to multi-gallon donorship, men were five times more often multi-gallon donor than women (OR 5·27, 95% CI 5·15–5·39) irrespective of the number of donation invitations. Furthermore, multi-gallon donors appeared to live in urbanized areas and have a higher income than occasional donors.

Conclusion  Our results show that different donor profiles can be distinguished. Differences between active and resigned donors include age, the number of donations, sex, socio-economic-status, ethnicity, and urbanization level. The factors highly associated with being a multi-gallon donor are sex, age, socio-economic status, and to a lesser extent urbanization level. Donor profiles do provide the blood bank with knowledge on their donor population, which may be used as valuable information for donor recruitment and retention policies.

Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2009 The Author(s).
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/76802
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1423-0410.2009.01201.x
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