The design of a novel, environmentally improved, industrial cotton pre-treatment process
Bouwhuis, Gerhard Herman (2011) The design of a novel, environmentally improved, industrial cotton pre-treatment process. thesis.
|Abstract:||The scope of this thesis is the development of a new industrial applicable pre-treatment process
for cotton based on catalysis. The pre-treatment generally consists of desizing, scouring and
bleaching. These processes can be continuous or batch wise. Advances in the science of biocatalytic
pre-treatment of cotton and catalytic bleaching formed the scientific basis for this work.
The work of Agrawal on enzymes for bio-scouring and of Topalovic on catalytic bleaching led to
the conclusion that reduced reaction temperatures for the pre-treatment processes of cotton are
possible. A second reason for the present work is a persistent and strong pressure on the
industry to implement ‘more sustainable’ and environmental friendlier processes.
It was clear that for the industrial implementation of the newly developed process it would be
necessary to ‘translate’ the academic knowledge based on the catalysts, into a process at
conditions that are applicable in textile industry.
Previous experiences learned that the transition from academic knowledge into industrial
applicable processes often failed. This is caused by lack of experience of university researchers
with industrial product and process development as well as a lack of awareness of industrial
developers of academic research. This is especially evident for the so-called Small and Medium
Enterprises (SME’s). To overcome this gap a first step was to organize collaboration between
academic institutes and industries. The basis for the collaboration was the prospect of this work
for benefits for all parties involved.
Science and Technology (TNW)
|Link to this item:||http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/76258|
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