Spur Reduction Techniques for Phase-Locked Loops Exploiting A Sub-Sampling Phase Detector


Gao, Xiang and Klumperink, Eric A.M. and Socci, Gerard and Bohsali, Mounhir and Nauta, Bram (2010) Spur Reduction Techniques for Phase-Locked Loops Exploiting A Sub-Sampling Phase Detector. IEEE journal of solid-state circuits, 45 (9). pp. 1809-1821. ISSN 0018-9200

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Abstract:This paper presents phase-locked loop (PLL) reference-spur reduction design techniques exploiting a sub-sampling phase detector (SSPD) (which is also referred to as a sampling phase detector). The VCO is sampled by the reference clock without using a frequency divider and an amplitude controlled charge pump is used which is inherently insensitive to mismatch. The main remaining source of the VCO reference spur is the periodic disturbance of the VCO by the sampling at the reference frequency. The underlying VCO sampling spur mechanisms are analyzed and their effect is minimized by using dummy samplers and isolation buffers. A duty-cycle-controlled reference buffer and delay-locked loop (DLL) tuning are proposed to further reduce the worst case spur level. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the
proposed spur reduction techniques, a 2.21 GHz PLL is designed and fabricated in 0.18 m CMOS technology. While using a high loop-bandwidth-to-reference-frequency ratio of 1/20, the reference spur measured from 20 chips is 80 dBc. The PLL consumes 3.8 mW while the in-band phase noise is 121 dBc/Hz at 200 kHz and the output jitter integrated from 10 kHz to 100 MHz is 0.3 ps rms.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2010 IEEE
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/75099
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1109/JSSC.2010.2053094
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