Fingerprint matching by thin-plate spline modelling of elastic deformations


Bazen, Asker M. and Gerez, Sabih H. (2003) Fingerprint matching by thin-plate spline modelling of elastic deformations. Pattern Recognition, 36 (8). pp. 1859-1867. ISSN 0031-3203

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Abstract:This paper presents a novel minutiae matching method that describes elastic distortions in fingerprints by means of a thin-plate spline model, which is estimated using a local and a global matching stage. After registration of the fingerprints according to the estimated model, the number of matching minutiae can be counted using very tight matching thresholds. For deformed fingerprints, the algorithm gives considerably higher matching scores compared to rigid matching algorithms, while only taking 100 ms on a 1 GHz P-III machine. Furthermore, it is shown that the observed deformations are different from those described by theoretical models proposed in the literature.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2003 Elsevier
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Metis ID: 216642