Writing profiles: the effect of the writing mode on pausing and revision patterns of experienced writers

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Van Waes, Luuk and Schellens, Peter Jan (2003) Writing profiles: the effect of the writing mode on pausing and revision patterns of experienced writers. Journal of Pragmatics, 35 (6). pp. 829-853. ISSN 0378-2166

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Abstract:We investigated how writing processes are affected by physical aspects of the task environment, specifically the use of a word processor, with respect to patterns of pausing and revision. Consistent with the tradition of cognitive writing research, the writing processes of experienced writers were examined (60 involving the use of a word processor, 20 involving pen&paper). In comparison with writers using pen&paper, those using a word processor (i) spent more time on a first draft and less on finalizing a text, (ii) pursued a more fragmentary writing process, (iii) tended to revise more extensively at the beginning of the writing process, (iv) attended more to lower linguistic levels (letter, word) and formal properties of the text, and (v) did not normally undertake any systematic revision of their work before finishing. By clustering the various processes with respect to twelve relevant parameters, we developed a new typology of writing processes which distinguishes five writing profiles: the initial planner, the fragmentary Stage I writer, the Stage II writer, the non-stop writer, and the average writer. Our quantitative approach to describing the cognitive behavior of the different writers revealed that the profiles they adopt depend greatly on the constraints of the writing environment.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2003 Elsevier
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/74900
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00121-2
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