Multicoordinate ligands for actinide/lanthanide separations


Dam, Henk H. and Reinhoudt, David N. and Verboom, Willem (2007) Multicoordinate ligands for actinide/lanthanide separations. Chemical Society Reviews, 36 . pp. 367-377. ISSN 0306-0012

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Abstract:In nuclear waste treatment processes there is a need for improved ligands for the separation of actinides (An(III)) and lanthanides (Ln(III)). Several research groups are involved in the design and synthesis of new An(III) ligands and in the confinement of these and existing An(III) ligands onto molecular platforms giving multicoordinate ligands. The preorganization of ligands considerably improves the An(III) extraction properties, which are largely dependent on the solubility and rigidity of the platform. This tutorial review summarizes the most important An(III) ligands with emphasis on the preorganization strategy using (macrocyclic) platforms.

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