Automatic kelvin probe compatible with ultrahigh vacuum


Baikie, I.D. and Werf, K.O. van der and Oerbekke, H. and Broeze, J. and Silfhout, A. van (1989) Automatic kelvin probe compatible with ultrahigh vacuum. Review of Scientific Instruments, 60 (5). p. 930. ISSN 0034-6748

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Abstract:This article describes a new type of in situ ultrahigh‐vacuum compatible kelvin probe based on a voice‐coil driving mechanism. This design exhibits several advantages over conventional mechanical feed‐through and (in situ) piezoelectric devices in regard to the possibility of multiple probe geometry, flexibility of probe geometry, amplitude of oscillation, and pure parallel vibration. Automatic setup and constant spacing features are achieved using a digital‐to‐analog converter (DAC) steered offset potential. The combination of very low driver noise pick‐up and data‐acquisition system (DAS) signal processing techniques results in a work function (wf  ) resolution, under optimal conditions, of <0.1 meV. Due to its high surface sensitivity and compatibility with standard sample cleaning and analysis techniques this design has numerous applications in surface studies, e.g., adsorption kinetics, sample topography and homogeneity, sputter profiles, etc. For semiconductor specimens the high wf resolution makes it eminently suitable for surface photovoltage (SPV) spectroscopy.
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Copyright:© American Institute of Physics
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