# Reconstructions and phase transitions of the Ge(001) surface

Zandvliet, H.J.W. and Terpstra, D. and Silfhout van, A. (1991) *Reconstructions and phase transitions of the Ge(001) surface.* Journal of Physics: Condensed matter, 3 (4). pp. 409-415. ISSN 0953-8984

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Abstract: | The authors have calculated the energy differences between the four members of the 2*1 family (b(2*1), c(4*2), p(2*2) and p(4*1)) of the Ge (001) surface by taking only electrostatic interactions between the dimers into account. They have found that p(2*2) is the lowest-energy reconstruction at zero temperature. The phase transitions from ordered p(2*2) to disordered (2*1) and ordered c(4*2) to disordered (2*1) are discussed using the authors' energy calculations, the mean-field approximation, the Ising model and Onsagers' exact solution. A second-order phase transition is found at about 200-250 K from an ordered p(2*2) (c(4*2)) dimer reconstruction to a disordered (2*1) dimer reconstruction assuming a charge transfer of 0.08e between the up atom and the down atom of the asymmetric dimer. |

Item Type: | Article |

Copyright: | © IOP Publishing |

Faculty: | Science and Technology (TNW) |

Research Group: | |

Link to this item: | http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/73179 |

Official URL: | http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/3/4/003 |

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