The Ti/c-Si solid state reaction : III. The low-temperature reaction kinetics


Nijs, J.M.M. de and Silfhout, A. van (1990) The Ti/c-Si solid state reaction : III. The low-temperature reaction kinetics. Applied Surface Science, 40 (4). pp. 359-366. ISSN 0169-4332

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Abstract:Thin Ti layers (≈10nm) are grown on top of a clean Si(111) substrate. Heating these layers initiates a solid state reaction, yielding a monosilicide phase at ≈350°C and a C49 disilicide at ≈450°C. The present study concerns the growth kinetics of both phases by means of ellipsometry. A diffusion-limited growth kinetics is found for the monosilicide formation. However, two growth rates are observed, a fast initial one and a slow terminal growth rate. An enhanced Si diffusion in atomically disordered regions as compared to well ordered regions (grains or clusters) could be an explanation. From the measurements we have found a value of 2×10-15 cm2/s for the diffusion coefficient at ≈370°C and an activation energy of 0.62 ± 0.1 eV. Both values correspond to the fast process. Subsequently increasing the temperature to ≈450°C permits the growth of the homogeneous C49 TiSi2 phase. For this process, both planar layer growth and intermixing are observed, however, quantitative results could not be derived from the present study.
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Copyright:© 1990 Elsevier
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