Compact wideband CMOS receiver frontends for wireless communication


Blaakmeer, Stephan Carel (2010) Compact wideband CMOS receiver frontends for wireless communication. thesis.

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Abstract:There is an increasing demand for wideband receiver frontends. This is due to the emerge of wideband wireless standards (UWB) and due to the desire for flexible radios (SDR), which can comply with multiple existing and future communication standards.
Existing receiver topologies are generally narrowband and not suited for wideband operation, consequently there is a need for new wideband receiver topologies. For low cost solutions, compact receiver topologies implemented in main¬stream CMOS technology are preferred.
For wideband receivers the required gain, input impedance and noise figure are in the same order as for traditional narrowband receivers. The challenge in wideband receivers is to meet all these specifications across its entire bandwidth. Due to the wideband nature there are many interferer combinations that lead to in-band distortion in wideband receivers, resulting in challenging linearity requirements.
At the start of this research project, the noise canceling technique was identified as a suitable candidate to implement wideband receiver frontends. One particular noise canceling topology, the CG-CS topology, is especially useful as it implements two basic receiver frontend functions, low noise amplification and single-ended to differential conversion.
Three designs are implemented during this research project. The CG autotrafo-CS design, based on the CG-CS topology, yields a low-power, wideband, low-noise amplifier (LNA) and uses an on-chip transformer. The second design, the Balun-LNA is also based on the CG-CS topology. This is a wideband LNA design that simultaneously achieves noise canceling, distortion canceling and a well-balanced output signal. The BLIXER topology is a further evolution of the CG-CS topology. Next to balun and LNA-functionality complex frequency down-conversion is realized, all in a single wideband circuit core.
Only two circuit techniques found in literature are suitable to implement compact wideband LNAs: negative feedback and noise canceling. From the two LNAs described in this thesis especially the Balun-LNA compares favorably to designs found in literature. The BLIXER stands out on area and RF-bandwidth when compared with other wideband receiver frontends, while other characteristics are competitive. The BLIXER topology is very suitable for the implementation of compact wideband receiver frontends for wireless communication.
Item Type:Thesis
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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