Liquid phase epitaxy and spectroscopic investigation of optically active KYb(WO4)2 thin layers

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Aznar, A. and Ehrentraut, D. and Romanyuk, Y.E. and Solé, R. and Aguiló, M. and Gerner, P. and Güdel, H.U. and Pollnau, M. (2003) Liquid phase epitaxy and spectroscopic investigation of optically active KYb(WO4)2 thin layers. In: 5th International Conference on f-Elements, 24-29 August 2003, Geneva, Switzerland (pp. p. 111).

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Abstract:In recent years, Yb3+ has attracted much attention as an activating ion because of its small quantum defect for laser emission from 2F5/2 to 2F7/2 at ~1.03 µm, which provides high efficiency and reduced heat generation. A promising material for Yb3+ lasers is KYb(WO4)2 (KYbW) [1]. It can be grown from high-temperature solutions [2]. A suitable substrate material for the growth of single-crystalline layers with thicknesses in the range of the absorption length of ~13 µm at 981 nm is KY(WO4)2 (KYW).
We demonstrate the liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) of KYbW layers at start temperatures as low as 520°C from the chloride solvent KCl-NaCl-CsCl. This temperature is favorable in order to decrease the thermal stresses due to the differences in the thermal expansion coefficients of substrate and layer. Moreover, the choice of [010]-oriented KYW substrates bypasses the large difference in the thermal expansion coefficient along the [010] direction. Our spectroscopic investigations show that the fluorescence lifetime of ~250 µs measured in our LPE-grown KYbW layers is dominated by radiative decay and is very similar to that measured in top-seeded-solution-grown bulk samples [2]. Fast energy migration among the Yb3+ ions and energy transfer to small amounts of Tm3+ and Er3+ ions present in the YbCl3 reagent lead to visible upconversion luminescence in the layers under 981-nm excitation.

[1] P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M.A. Bursukova, M.C. Pujol, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, F. Güell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, F. Díaz, Appl. Phys. B 2002, 74, 185
[2] M.C. Pujol, M.A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, Phys. Rev. B 2002, 65, 165121
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