Fullerene-Modified Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) Gas Separation Membranes: Why Binding Is Better than Dispersing

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Sterescu, Dana M. and Stamatialis, Dimitrios F. and Mendes, Eduardo and Wübbenhorst, Michael and Wessling, Matthias (2006) Fullerene-Modified Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) Gas Separation Membranes: Why Binding Is Better than Dispersing. Macromolecules, 39 (26). pp. 9234-9242. ISSN 0024-9297

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Abstract:This paper describes the preparation, characterization, and the permeation properties of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) dense polymer films containing fullerenes (C60). The C60 are either dispersed or covalently bonded to PPO at various concentrations. The gas permeability results are very different between covalently bonded and dispersed PPO−C60. The gas permeability of PPO−C60 bonded increases up to 80% with increasing fullerene concentration. The gas pair selectivity, however, stays constant. This behavior is probably due to stiffening of the polymer structure and increase of free volume. The gas permeability through the PPO−C60 dispersed decreases in comparison to pure PPO. This reduction is due to C60 clustering in the polymer. The clusters seem to induce polymer crystallinity, and they are probably aligned along the film plane, creating an extra barrier for gas permeation.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:ACS
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Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/71636
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma061300p
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