Proliferation of endothelial cells on surface-immobilized albumin-heparin conjugate loaded with basic fibroblast growth factor

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Bos, Gert W. and Scharenborg, Nicole M. and Poot, André A. and Engbers, Gerard H.M. and Beugeling, Tom and Aken van, Willem G. and Feijen, Jan (1999) Proliferation of endothelial cells on surface-immobilized albumin-heparin conjugate loaded with basic fibroblast growth factor. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 44 (3). pp. 330-340. ISSN 1549-3296

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Abstract:Seeding of endothelial cells (ECs) on the luminal surface of small-diameter vascular grafts is a promising method to avoid occlusion of these prostheses. Immobilization of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to substrates used to coat or fill porous prostheses may enhance the formation of a confluent monolayer of ECs. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were grown on bFGF-loaded albumin-heparin conjugate bound to CO2 gas-plasma-treated polystyrene. In the order of 2-3 ng/cm2 bFGF had to be immobilized to form a confluent monolayer of HUVECs. The most prominent effect of surface-immobilized bFGF was stimulation of the proliferation shortly after seeding, resulting within 3 days in confluent cell monolayers with high density. In contrast, in cultures with 0.3 ng/mL bFGF in the medium instead of bFGF bound to the surface, it took almost a week before the cell layers reached confluency. Binding of bFGF to heparin and the biological activity of bFGF towards ECs were not influenced by the (radio-)labeling of bFGF with iodine. However, only a minor part of the bFGF used in this study displayed heparin affinity. Furthermore, degradation and multimerization of labeled bFGF in time occurred when the growth factor was stored at 20°-37°C. This limits the use of labeled bFGF to short-term (hours) experiments. In conclusion, bFGF loading of vascular graft surfaces through complexation of bFGF with a heparin-containing matrix probably will lead to more rapid formation of a confluent monolayer of ECs on graft surfaces upon seeding of the cells.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1999 Wiley InterScience
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Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/71542
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(19990305)44:3<330::AID-JBM12>3.0.CO;2-O
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