Heparin release from thermosensitive polymer coatings: in vivo studies


Gutowska, Anna and Bae, You Han and Jacobs, Harvey and Mohammad, Fazal and Mix, Donald and Feijen, Jan and Kim, Sung Wan (1995) Heparin release from thermosensitive polymer coatings: in vivo studies. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 29 (7). pp. 811-821. ISSN 0021-9304

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Abstract:Biomer/poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/[poly(NiPAAm)] thermosensitive polymer blends were prepared and their application as heparin-releasing polymer coatings for the prevention of surface-induced thrombosis was examined. The advantage of using poly(NiPAAm)-based coatings as heparin-releasing polymers is based of the unique temperature-dependent swelling of these materials. At room temperature, i.e., below the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of poly(NiPAAm), the Biomer/(poly(NiPAAm)) coatings are highly swollen. The high swelling enables fast loading of hydrophilic macromolecules (e.g., heparin) into the coating by a solutions sorption technique. At a body temperature, i.e., above the LCST of poly(NiPAAm) the coatings are in a deswollen state and the absorbed macromolecules may be slowly released from a dense coating via a diffusion controlled mechanism. Biomer/poly(NiPAAm)) coatings were obtained by blending and coprecipitation of the two linear polymers, Biomer and (poly(NiPAAm). The structure and water-swelling properties of the coatings were examined. Significant differences in water swelling at room temperature (RT) and 37°C were observed as a result of the thermosensitivity of poly(NiPAAm). The surface structure of the coatings in dry and swollen states at RT and 37°C was examined by scanning electron microscopy. Heparin was loaded into the coatings via a solution sorption at room temperature. Kinetic studies of heparin loading demonstrated that maximum loading was obtained within 1 h. The in vitro (37°C) release profiles were characterized by a rapid initial release due to the squeezing effect of the collapsing polymer network, followed by a slower release phase controlled by heparin diffusion through the dense coating. The short-term antithrombogenicity of intravenous polyurethane catheters coated with heparin-releasing Biomer/poly(NiPAAm) thermosensitive coating was evaluated in a canine animal model. The results show that the heparin release from Biomer/poly(NiPAAm)-coated surfaces resulted in a significant reduction of thrombus formation on test surfaces in contact with venous blood as compared to control surfaces.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1995 Wiley InterScience
Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/71188
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.820290705
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