Glycine/Glycolic acid based copolymers


Veld, Peter J.A. in 't and Shen, Zheng-Rong and Takens, Gijsbert A.J. and Dijkstra, Pieter J. and Feijen, Jan (1994) Glycine/Glycolic acid based copolymers. Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer chemistry, 32 (6). pp. 1063-1069. ISSN 0887-624X

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Abstract:Glycine/glycolic acid based biodegradable copolymers have been prepared by ring-opening homopolymerization of morpholine-2,5-dione, and ring-opening copolymerization of morpholine-2,5-dione and glycolide. The homopolymerization of morpholine-2,5-dione was carried out in the melt at 200°C for 3 min using stannous octoate as an initiator, and continued at lower reaction temperatures (100-160°C) for 2-48 h. The highest yields (60%) and intrinsic viscosities ([] = 0.50 dL/g; DMSO, 25°C) were obtained after 3 min reaction at 200°C and 17 h at 130°C using a molar ratio of monomer and initiator of 1000. The polymer prepared by homopolymerization of morpholine-2,5-dione was composed of alternating glycine and glycolic acid residues, and had a glass transition temperature of 67°C and a melting temperature of 199°C. Random copolymers of glycine and glycolic acid were synthesized by copolymerization of morpholine-2,5-dione and glycolide in the melt at 200°C, followed by 17 h reaction at 130°C using stannous octoate as an initiator. The morphology of the copolymers varied from semi-crystalline to amorphous, depending on the mole fraction of glycolic acid residues incorporated.
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Copyright:© 1994 Wiley InterScience
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