Feedback mechanisms between water availability and water use in a semi-arid river basin: a spatially explicit multi-agent simulation approach

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Oel, Pieter R. van and Krol, Maarten S. and Hoekstra, Arjen Y. and Taddei, Renzo R. (2010) Feedback mechanisms between water availability and water use in a semi-arid river basin: a spatially explicit multi-agent simulation approach. Environmental modelling & software, 25 (4). pp. 433-443. ISSN 1364-8152

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Abstract:Understanding the processes responsible for the distribution of water availability over space and time is of great importance to spatial planning in a semi-arid river basin. In this study the usefulness of a multi-agent simulation (MAS) approach for representing these processes is discussed. A MAS model has been developed to represent local water use of farmers that both respond to and modify the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources in a river basin. The MAS approach is tested for the Jaguaribe basin in semi-arid Northeast Brazil. Model validity and required data for representing system dynamics are discussed. For the Jaguaribe basin both positive and negative correlations between water availability and water use have been encountered. It was found that increasing wet season water use in times of drought amplify water stress in the following dry season. It is concluded that with our approach it is possible to validly represent spatial-temporal variability of water availability that is influenced by water use and vice versa.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2010 Elsevier
Faculty:
Engineering Technology (CTW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/70600
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.10.018
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Metis ID: 259889