Segmented copolymers of uniform tetra-amide units and poly(phenylene oxide) by direct coupling


Krijgsman, J. and Biemond, G.J.E. and Gaymans, R.J. (2007) Segmented copolymers of uniform tetra-amide units and poly(phenylene oxide) by direct coupling. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 103 (1). pp. 512-518. ISSN 0021-8995

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Abstract:Segmented copolymers with telechelic poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether) (PPE) segments and crystallizable bisester tetra-amide units (two-and-a-half repeating unit of nylon-6,T) were studied. The copolymers were synthesized by reacting bifunctional PPE with hydroxylic end groups with an average molecular weight of 3500 g/mol and bisester tetra-amide units via an ester polycondensation reaction. The bisester tetra-amide units had phenolic ester groups. By replacing part of the bisester tetra-amide units with diphenyl terephthalate units (DPT), the concentration of tetra-amide units in the copolymer was varied from 0 to 11 wt%. Polymers were also prepared from bifunctional PPE, DPT, and a diaminediamide (6T6-diamine). The thermal and thermal mechanical properties were studied by DSC and DMA and compared with a copolymer with flexible spacer groups between the PPE and the T6T6T. The copolymers had a high Tg of 180-200°C and a melting temperature that increased with amide content of 220-265°C. The melting temperature was sharp with monodisperse amide segments. The Tm - Tc was 39°C, which suggests a fast, but not very fast, crystallization. The crystallinity of the amide was 20%. The copolymers are semicrystalline materials with a high Tg and a high Tg/Tm ratio (> 0.8).
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