Improved-index-contrast KY(WO4)2:Gd, Lu, Yb epitaxial waveguides suitable for highly efficient waveguide lasing


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Aravazhi, S. and Geskus, D. and Wörhoff, K. and Pollnau, M. (2009) Improved-index-contrast KY(WO4)2:Gd, Lu, Yb epitaxial waveguides suitable for highly efficient waveguide lasing. In: 2009 Annual Symposium of the IEEE Photonics Benelux Chapter, 5-6 November 2009, Brussels, Belgium (pp. pp. 133-136).

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Abstract:High-quality crystalline KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ layers co-doped with large concentrations of optically inert Gd3+ and Lu3+ ions were grown by vertical liquid phase epitaxy. The codoping enhances the refractive index contrast between the active layer and the undoped KY(WO4)2 substrate to ~7.5×10-3. A K2W2O7 solvent was employed for the growth of layers onto undoped (010)-oriented KYW substrates. Single crystalline layers of thickness 5-10 µm were grown at low level of supersaturation and growth temperatures of 920-923°C. The layer quality was studied by X-ray diffraction. The composition of the grown layers was determined by laser-ablation inductively-coupled-plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Planar waveguide lasers with low laser threshold of 18 mW, record-high slope efficiency of 82.3%, and maximum output power of 195 mW have been achieved.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
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Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/69943
Organisation URL:http://www.photonics-benelux.org
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