Low-threshold, highly efficient $Gd^{3+}$, $Lu^{3+}$ co-doped $KY(WO_4)_2:Yb^{3+}$ planar waveguide lasers


Geskus, D. and Aravazhi, S. and Bernhardi, E. and Grivas, C. and Harkema, S. and Hametner, K. and Günther, D. and Wörhoff, K. and Pollnau, M. (2009) Low-threshold, highly efficient $Gd^{3+}$, $Lu^{3+}$ co-doped $KY(WO_4)_2:Yb^{3+}$ planar waveguide lasers. Laser Physics Letters, 6 (11). pp. 800-805. ISSN 1612-2011

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Abstract:High-quality crystalline $KY(WO_4)_2:Yb^{3+}$ layers codoped with large concentrations of optically inert Gd3+ and Lu3+ ions were grown by liquid phase epitaxy. Continuous-wave laser operation in a planar waveguide configuration was observed at 1025 nm. For 23% output coupling, a maximum output power of 195 mW was obtained; a slope efficiency of 82.3% was derived, which to the best of our knowledge is the highest value yet reported for a planar waveguide laser to date. For 1.7% output coupling, a laser threshold as low as 18 mW of absorbed pump power was achieved, which is largely due to the enhanced refractive index contrast of ~$7.5\times 10^{-3}$ between the active layer and the undoped $KY(WO_4)_2$ substrate attained by the co-doping, leading to well-confined pump and laser modes
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2009 Wiley-VCH
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/69661
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1002/lapl.200910084
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