Absorber design in sour natural gas treatment plants: Impact of process variables on operation and economics = Absorberentwurf für Anlagen zur Behandlung von sauren Erdgasen: Einfluss Prozessparameter auf Betriebsführung und Prozesswirtschaftlichkeit

Share/Save/Bookmark

Blauwhoff, P.M.M. and Kamphuis, B. and Swaaij van, W.P.M. and Westerterp, K.R. (1985) Absorber design in sour natural gas treatment plants: Impact of process variables on operation and economics = Absorberentwurf für Anlagen zur Behandlung von sauren Erdgasen: Einfluss Prozessparameter auf Betriebsführung und Prozesswirtschaftlichkeit. Chemical Engineering and Processing, 19 (1). pp. 1-25. ISSN 0255-2701

[img]
Preview
PDF
2109Kb
Abstract:Two models of absorber have been developed which describe the absorption of H2S and CO2 from natural gases by aqueous di-isopropanolamine (DIPA) or methyl-di-ethanolamine (MDEA) solutions. In these models mass transfer, reaction and equilibrium processes as they prevail in conventional tray absorbers and in cascades of trickle bed reactors are incorporated. Owing to the better mass transfer characteristics of the latter type of absorber, i.e. the larger ratio between the gas phase and liquid phase mass transfer coefficients, kg/kℓ, higher selectivities for the absorption of H2S from sour natural gases are realized.

The influence of variation of a number of operation and design parameters on tray absorber performance, H2S selectivity and solvent flowrate is demonstrated.

The economics of the above type of absorbers together with a solvent regenerator, sulfur recovery unit and tail-gas unit are explained in detail. From the point of view of the economics trickle bed absorbers are very attractive owing to lower investment costs and higher selectivities, which result in lower operating costs than for tray absorbers under identical conditions.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1985 Elsevier Science
Faculty:
Science and Technology (TNW)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/69393
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0255-2701(85)80001-5
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page