λ-backbone colorings along pairwise disjoint stars and matchings

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Broersma, H.J. and Fujisawa, J. and Marchal, L. and Paulusma, D. and Salman, A.N.M. and Yoshimoto, K. (2009) λ-backbone colorings along pairwise disjoint stars and matchings. Discrete Mathematics, 309 (18). pp. 5596-5609. ISSN 0012-365X

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Abstract:Given an integer $\lambda \ge 2$, a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a spanning subgraph $H$ of $G$ (the backbone of $G$), a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,H)$ is a proper vertex coloring $V\to\{1,2,\ldots\}$ of $G$, in which the colors assigned to adjacent vertices in $H$ differ by at least $\lambda$. We study the case where the backbone is either a collection of pairwise disjoint stars or a matching. We show that for a star backbone $S$ of $G$ the minimum number $\ell$ for which a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,S)$ with colors in $\{1,\ldots,\ell\}$ exists can roughly differ by a multiplicative factor of at most $2-{1\over \lambda}$ from the chromatic number $\chi(G)$. For the special case of matching backbones this factor is roughly $2-{2\over\lambda +1}$. We also show that the computational complexity of the problem “Given a graph $G$ with a star backbone $S$, and an integer $\ell$, is there a $\lambda$-backbone coloring of $(G,S)$ with colors in $\{1,\ldots,\ell\}$?” jumps from polynomially solvable to NP-complete between $\ell=\lambda+1$ and $\ell =\lambda+2$ (the case $\ell=\lambda+2$ is even NP-complete for matchings). We finish the paper by discussing some open problems regarding planar graphs.

Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2009 Elsevier
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/68649
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2008.04.007
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