Mathematics in middle schools in Western European countries


Pelgrum, W.J. (1988) Mathematics in middle schools in Western European countries. International Journal of Educational Research, 12 (5). pp. 523-532. ISSN 0883-0355

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Abstract:The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement has conducted a number of cross-national studies in which Western European countries participated. Results from the Second International Mathematics Study regarding the content and outcomes of this study in some Western European countries, Japan and the U.S.A. are presented and compared. The results show that comprehensive systems do not differ systematically from non-comprehensive systems with respect to achievement measures of students. However, measures of the implemented curriculum show differences which are consistent with system characteristics. Consequences for the comparative methodology are discussed.
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Copyright:© 1988 Elsevier Science
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