Electrothermomigration-induced failure in power IC metallization


Nguyen, H.V. and Salm, C. and Krabbenborg, B.H. and Bisschop, J. and Mouthaan, A.J. and Kuper, F.G. (2003) Electrothermomigration-induced failure in power IC metallization. In: 6th Annual Workshop on Semiconductor Advances for Future Electronics and Sensors, SAFE 2003, 25-26 November 2003, Veldhoven, The Netherlands (pp. pp. 622-630).

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Abstract:Metal migration by driving force of electron-flow and temperature gradient is a major reliability concern in power integrated circuits, especially for advanced integrated circuits where there are increasing density of the integrated power components and power dissipation. In this paper, we present a study of the combined effects of electromigration and thermomigration. A special test chip is designed for this study, in which several on-chip heater elements and temperature sensor are realized to impose and measure a temperature gradient, respectively. Our experimental results show that the electromigration lifetimes are much shorter in the presence of a temperature gradient than in a uniform temperature. The shortening of the electromigration lifetimes can be attributed to the effect of temperature gradient on electromigration-induced failure, rather than an additional
driving force by thermomigration (due to a temperature gradient). Our observation is in qualitative agreement with recent theoretical model.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright:© 2003 STW Technology Foundation
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/67744
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