Muscle activation patterns of knee flexors and extensors during passive and active movement of the spastic lower limb in chronic stroke patients

Share/Save/Bookmark

Fleuren, J.F.M. and Snoek, G.J. and Voerman, G.E. and Hermens, H.J. (2009) Muscle activation patterns of knee flexors and extensors during passive and active movement of the spastic lower limb in chronic stroke patients. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 19 (5). e301-e310. ISSN 1050-6411

[img] PDF
Restricted to UT campus only
: Request a copy
376kB
Abstract:The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of spasticity, quantified as muscle activity during stretch, during passive and active movement. For this cross sectional study 19 stroke patients with spasticity in the lower limb were recruited. Reflex activity was studied with surface electromyography of knee flexor and extensor muscles during passive and active movement of the lower leg.

On both the affected and unaffected side, root mean square values of the knee extensor muscles, while stretched, were higher during active than during passive movement (p < 0.05). For the vastus lateralis (VL) the correlation was moderate (ρ = 0.54, p = 0.022), for the rectus femoris (RF) high (ρ = 0.83, p < 0.001). For the semitendinosus (ST) the correlation was low (ρ = 0.27) and not significant.

During active movement the correlation between VL activity and activity of the antagonist ST, as an indicator for co-contraction of the affected muscles, was marked (ρ = 0.73, p = 0.001). A moderate negative correlation was found between reflex activity of RF during passive stretch and the active range of motion (ρ = −0.51, p = 0.027).

The results show that a passive stretch test alone is insufficient either as assessment method for spasticity during active motor tasks or as a measure for motor control.


Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2009 Elsevier
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/67696
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2008.04.003
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Metis ID: 248517