Hydraulic flow through a contraction: multiple steady states

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Akers, B. and Bokhove, O. (2007) Hydraulic flow through a contraction: multiple steady states. [Report]

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Abstract:We consider shallow water flows through a channel with a contraction by experimental and theoretical means. The horizontal channel consists of a sluice gate and an upstream channel of constant width $b_0$ ending in a linear contraction of minimum width $b_c$. Experimentally, we observe upstream steady and moving bores/shocks, and oblique waves in the contraction, as single and multiple steady states, as well as a steady reservoir with a two-dimensional hydraulic jump in the contraction occurring in a small section of the $b_c/b_0$ and Froude number parameter plane. Inviscid one-dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order explanation, but quadratic friction is required to achieve quantitative agreement and stability.
Item Type:Report
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/66989
Official URL:http://www.math.utwente.nl/publications
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