Prolongation structure of the Krichever-Novikov equation


Igonin, Sergei and Martini, Ruud (2002) Prolongation structure of the Krichever-Novikov equation. [Report]

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Abstract:We completely describe Wahlquist-Estabrook prolongation structures (coverings) dependent on $u,\,u_x,\,u_{xx},\,u_{xxx}$ for the Krichever-Novikov equation $u_t=u_{xxx}-3u_{xx}^2/(2u_{x})+p(u)/u_{x}+au_{x}$ in the case when the polynomial $p(u)=4u^3-g_2u-g_3$ has distinct roots. We prove that there is a universal prolongation algebra isomorphic to the direct sum of a commutative $2$-dimensional algebra and a certain subalgebra of the tensor product of $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$ with the algebra of regular functions on an affine elliptic curve. This is achieved by identifying this prolongation algebra with the one for the anisotropic Landau-Lifshitz equation. Using these results, we find for the Krichever-Novikov equation a new zero-curvature representation, which is polynomial in the spectral parameter in contrast to the known elliptic ones.
Item Type:Report
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Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Metis ID: 208635