Dynamic self-organization in particle-laden channel flow

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Geurts, B.J. and Vreman, A.W. (2006) Dynamic self-organization in particle-laden channel flow. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 27 (5). pp. 945-954. ISSN 0142-727X

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Abstract:We study dynamic flow-structuring and mean-flow properties of turbulent particle-laden riser-flow at significant particle volume fractions of about 1.5%. We include particle–particle as well as particle–fluid interactions through inelastic collisions and drag forces, in a so-called four-way coupled description. These interactions are the origin for the emergence of coherent particle swarms in a flow. The dynamic cluster-formation and cluster-disintegration are associated with the competition between turbulent dispersion and inelastic particle collisions. We establish the basic scenario of this self-organization and investigate the dominant mean-flow aspects of the resulting turbulence modulation for particles with high Stokes response-time. Large-eddy simulations of turbulent channel flow, using dynamic subgrid models and particles at a significant volume fraction and realistic mass load are presented. These simulations indicate the development of a thinner boundary layer, a flatter velocity profile, an higher effective Von Kármán constant and an accumulation of particles near the walls. Moreover, it was found that neglecting particle–particle interactions, as done in so-called two-way coupling, leads to a modulated flow which displays a strong ‘center-channel-jet’ that is not found in physical experiments.
Item Type:Article
Additional information:Special issue of the 6th International Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements - ETMM6
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/63901
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2006.03.025
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