Measurements of SIP Signaling over 802.11b Links


Hesselman, Cristian and Eertink, Henk and Widya, Ing and Huizer, Erik (2005) Measurements of SIP Signaling over 802.11b Links. In: Third ACM International Workshop on Wireless Mobile Applications and Services on WLAN Hotspots (WMASH 2005), 2 Sept 2005, Cologne, Germany (pp. pp. 74-83).

[img] PDF
Restricted to UT campus only
: Request a copy
Abstract:The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a popular application-level signaling protocol that is used for a wide variety of applications such as session control and mobility handling. In some of these applications, the exchange of SIP messages is time-critical, for instance when SIP is used to handle mobility for voice over IP sessions. SIP may however introduce significant delays when it runs on top of UDP over lossy (wireless) links. These delays are the result of the exponential back-off retransmission scheme that SIP uses to recover from packet loss, which has a default back-off time
of half a second.
In this paper, we empirically investigate the delay introduced by SIP when it runs on top of UDP over IEEE 802.11b links. We focus on the operation of SIP at the edge of an 802.11b cell (e.g., to update a mobile host�s IP address after a handoff) as this is where SIP�s retransmissions scheme is most likely to come into play. We experiment with a few 802.11 parameters that influence packet loss on the wireless link, pecifically with different link-level retransmission thresholds, signal-to-noise-ratios (SNRs), and
amounts of background traffic. We conduct these experiments in a controlled environment that is free from interfering 802.11 sources.
Our results indicate that (1) SIP usually introduces little delay except for an SNR range of a few dBs at the very edge of an 802.11 cell in which the delay increases sharply, and (2) that a maximum of four 802.11 retransmissions suffices to limit the delay introduced by SIP retransmissions. The first result is of interest to developers of
SIP applications who have to decide at which SNR to initiate a handoff to another network. The second result allows network providers to optimize their 802.11b networks for delay sensitive SIP applications.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright:© 2005 ACM
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
Research Group:
Link to this item:
Official URL:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page

Metis ID: 224370