Approximation in stochastic scheduling: the power of LP-based priority policies


Möhring, R.H. and Schulz, A.S. and Uetz, M.J. (1999) Approximation in stochastic scheduling: the power of LP-based priority policies. Journal of the ACM, 46 (6). pp. 924-942. ISSN 0004-5411

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Abstract:We consider the problem to minimize the total weighted completion time of a set of jobs with individual release dates which have to be scheduled on identical parallel machines. Job processing times are not known in advance, they are realized on-line according to given probability distributions. The aim is to find a scheduling policy that minimizes the objective in expectation. Motivated by the success of LP-based approaches to deterministic scheduling, we present a polyhedral relaxation of the performance space of stochastic parallel machine scheduling. This relaxation extends earlier relaxations that have been used, among others, by Hall et al. [1997] in the deterministic setting. We then derive constant performance guarantees for priority policies which are guided by optimum LP solutions, and thereby generalize previous results from deterministic scheduling. In the absence of release dates, the LP-based analysis also yields an additive performance guarantee for the WSEPT rule which implies both a worst-case performance ratio and a result on its asymptotic optimality, thus complementing previous work by Weiss [1990]. The corresponding LP lower bound generalizes a previous lower bound from deterministic scheduling due to Eastman et al. [1964], and exhibits a relation between parallel machine problems and corresponding problems with only one fast single machine. Finally, we show that all employed LPs can be solved in polynomial time by purely combinatorial algorithms.
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Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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