Accelerometer and rate gyroscope measurement of kinematics: an inexpensive alternative to optical motion analysis systems

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Mayagoitia, Ruth E. and Nene, Anand V. and Veltink, Peter H. (2002) Accelerometer and rate gyroscope measurement of kinematics: an inexpensive alternative to optical motion analysis systems. Journal of Biomechanics, 35 (4). pp. 537-542. ISSN 0021-9290

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Abstract:A general-purpose system to obtain the kinematics of gait in the sagittal plane based on body-mounted sensors was developed. It consisted of four uniaxial seismic accelerometers and one rate gyroscope per body segment. Tests were done with 10 young healthy volunteers, walking at five different speeds on a treadmill. In order to study the system's accuracy, measurements were made with an optic, passive-marker system and the body-mounted system, simultaneously. In all the comparison cases, the curves obtained from the two systems were very close, showing root mean square errors representing <7% full range in 75% of the cases (overall mean 6.64%, standard deviation 4.13%) and high coefficients of multiple correlation in 100% of cases (overall mean 0.9812, standard deviation 0.02). Calibration of the body-mounted system is done against gravity. The body-mounted sensors do not hinder natural movement. The calculation algorithms are computationally demanding and only are applicable off-line. The body-mounted sensors are accurate, inexpensive and portable and allow long-term recordings in clinical, sport and ergonomics settings
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2002 Elsevier Science
Faculty:
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/61436
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00231-7
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