Interband superconductivity: Contrasts between Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer and Eliashberg theories


Dolgov, Oleg V. and Mazin, Igor I. and Parker, David and Golubov, Alexander A. (2009) Interband superconductivity: Contrasts between Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer and Eliashberg theories. Physical Review B: Condensed matter and materials physics, 79 (6). 060502. ISSN 1098-0121

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Abstract: recently discovered iron pnictide superconductors apparently present an unusual case of interband-channel pairing superconductivity. Here we show that in the limit where the pairing occurs within the interband channel, several surprising effects occur quite naturally and generally: different density of states on the two bands leads to several unusual properties, including a gap ratio which behaves inversely to the ratio of density of states; the weak-coupling limits of the Eliashberg and the BCS theories, commonly taken as equivalent, in fact predict qualitatively different dependence of the 1/2 and /Tc ratios on coupling constants. We show analytically that these effects follow directly from the interband character of superconductivity. Our results show that in the interband-only pairing model the maximal gap ratio is as strong-coupling effects act only to reduce this ratio. Our results show that pnictide BCS calculations must use renormalized coupling constants to get accurate results. Our results also suggest that if the large experimentally reported gap ratios (up to a factor 2) are correct, the pairing mechanism must include more intraband interaction than what is usually assumed.
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Copyright:© 2009 American Physical Society
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