Composites of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 and Gd0.7Ca0.3CoO3−δ as oxygen permeable membranes for exhaust gas sensors


Nigge, A. and Wiemhöfer, H.-D. and Römer, E.W.J. and Bouwmeester, H.J.M. and Schulte, T.R. (2002) Composites of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 and Gd0.7Ca0.3CoO3−δ as oxygen permeable membranes for exhaust gas sensors. Solid State Ionics, 146 (1-2). pp. 163-174. ISSN 0167-2738

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Abstract:The transport and catalytic properties of mixed conducting composites prepared from Gd0.7Ca0.3CoO3-δ (GCC) and Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 (CGO) were determined. In total, three compositions with 43, 60 and 75 vol.% CGO have been prepared. The composites have potential applications as oxygen permeable membrane in an amperometric sensor for NOx detection in exhaust gases.

At all compositions, three different phases were found in the annealed composite as a result of solid state reactions during annealing. The gadolinium content of the CGO phase was increased. The GCC was transformed into a phase with K2NiF4-structure and an additional CoO phase appeared.

Electron conductivities were determined in the range 100 to 750°C. The oxygen ion conductivities were measured by a microelectrode technique between 650 and 750°C. Permeation measurements were carried out between 850 and 1000°C. Effective ionic conductivities were calculated from the permeation results. The latter agreed well with the microelectrode data extrapolated to higher temperatures. The composition dependence of the conductivities was explainable by a statistical percolation model.

The investigated composites exhibit good oxygen ion conductivities. Typical ionic conductivity values for a composite with 75 vol.% CGO increased from 4x10-4 (Ω cm)-1 at 650°C to 4.2x10-2(Ω cm)-1 at 1000°C.

The heterogeneous catalysis of surface gas reactions was tested by exposing powdered samples to various gaseous mixtures with O2, N2, CO, CO2, H2O, SO2 and propene at temperatures up to 800°C. No conversion of NO to oxygen and nitrogen as well as no extensive formation of N2O was detected. It is concluded that the composite membranes are suitable for the intended applications.

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Copyright:© 2002 Elsevier
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