Controlled Cavitation in Microfluidic Systems


Zwaan, Ed and Le Gac, Severine and Tsuji, Kinko and Ohl, Claus-Dieter (2007) Controlled Cavitation in Microfluidic Systems. Physical Review Letters, 98 (25). p. 254501. ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract:We report on cavitation in confined microscopic environments which are commonly called microfluidic or lab-on-a-chip systems. The cavitation bubble is created by focusing a pulsed laser into these structures filled with a light-absorbing liquid. At the center of a 20 µm thick and 1 mm wide channel, pancake-shaped bubbles expand and collapse radially. The bubble dynamics compares with a two-dimensional Rayleigh model and a planar flow field during the bubble collapse is measured. When the bubble is created close to a wall a liquid jet is focused towards the wall, resembling the jetting phenomenon in axisymmetry. The jet flow creates two counter-rotating vortices which stir the liquid at high velocities. For more complex geometries, e.g., triangle- and square-shaped structures, the number of liquid jets recorded correlates with the number of boundaries close to
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Copyright:© 2007 American Physical Society
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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