A Transfer Function Approach to Structural Vibrations Induced by Thermoacoustic Sources

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Huls, Rob and Boer de, André and Kok, Jim (2004) A Transfer Function Approach to Structural Vibrations Induced by Thermoacoustic Sources. In: Eleventh International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 11, July 5-8, 2004, St. Petersburg, Russia.

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Abstract:To decrease NOx emissions from a combustion system, lean premixed combustion in combination with an annular combustor is used. One of the disadvantages is an increase in sound pressure levels in the combustion system, resulting in an increased excitation of the surrounding structure, the liner. This causes fatigue, which limits the life time of the combustor. To model the interaction between flame, acoustics and structure, a transfer function approach is used. In this approach, the components are represented by the frequency dependent linear transfer between their inputs and outputs. For the flame a low pass filter with convective time delay is used as transfer function between velocity perturbations at the burner outlet and the flame as acoustic volume source. The acoustic transfer from volume source to velocity perturbation at the burner outlet is obtained from a harmonic finite element analysis, in which a temperature field from CFD calculations is used. The calculated response is subsequently curve-fitted using a pole-zero model to allow for fast calculations. The finite element model includes the two way coupling between structural vibrations and acoustics, which allows extraction of the vibration levels. The different transfers are finally coupled in one model. Results show frequencies of high acoustic response which are susceptible to thermoacoustic instability. Damping mechanisms and the phase relation between the different components determine stable or unstable behavior and the amplitude of the resulting perturbations. Furthermore there are also frequencies of high structural response. Especially when the two coincide, the risk of structural damage is high, whereas when they move away from each other, the risk decreases.
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Engineering Technology (CTW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/58853
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