Optimization of composite panels using neural networks and genetic algorithms


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Ruijter, W. and Spallino, R. and Warnet, L. and Boer de, A. (2003) Optimization of composite panels using neural networks and genetic algorithms. In: Second MIT Conference on Compurational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, June 17–20, 2003, Boston MA, USA.

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Abstract:The objective of this paper is to present first results of a running study on optimization of aircraft components (composite panels of a typical vertical tail plane) by using Genetic Algorithms (GA) and Neural Networks (NN). The panels considered are standardized to some extent but still there is a wide scope of discrete and continuous design variables that can be adjusted to increase performance or reduce structural weight. A NN is trained for every panel configuration using a backpropagation algorithm with data sets taken from finite element analyses spread randomly over the design space. The trained network is then used to predict the values of the constraint functions (strain and buckling multipliers). The approach is formulated in this manner to maintain maximum flexibility regarding the implementation of new variables or models and with the prospect of optimizing the assembly as a whole. Results show that in design problems with high dimensionality the approach becomes more attractive, especially when the optimization has to be run repeatedly for panels under different loading/sizing conditions. The optimization algorithm has proven to be robust though dependent on the smoothness of the network output function. A modified method that feeds back the found optima is proposed to improve accuracy of the NN and decrease preparation time.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright:© 2003 Elsevier Science
Faculty:
Engineering Technology (CTW)
Research Chair:
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/58847
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044046-0/50580-7
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